Lots to Do and See in the Yard

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June is the month where we transition from spring to summer. Although, here in the south, it just goes from humid to more humid. As we transition seasons, here is what you can expect to see in your lawn and garden.


Winter annual weeds are going to seed, while summer annual weeds are starting to emerge and grow.

Summer annuals you are starting to see are crabgrass and prostrate spurge.

Large crabgrass and smooth crabgrass are both very common. Large crabgrass leaves are hairy, pale bluish-green. Smooth crabgrass has smooth, dull green leaves with sharply pointed ends.

Smooth Crabgrass

Smooth Crabgrass

Prostrate spurge is a broadleaf summer annual weed that you could be seeing. It blooms from June through October.

spotted spurge

Spotted Spurge

To control summer annual weeds, use preemergence. Preemergence herbicides should be applied 2-4 weeks before expected weed seed germination. For summer annuals, you would apply in late winter/early spring. If you are trying to control these now, there are certain postemergence herbicides that can.

Winter annuals you are still seeing are common chickweed and henbit.

Common Chickweed

Common Chickweed

Chickweed has many branched stems and oval leaves. Its flowers are small, white, and star-shaped.

Henbit has square stems with hairy. coarsely toothed leaves. Henbit blooms with a purple, tube-shaped flower. It stays in bloom from February until June.

Controlling winter annuals is best done in mid to late fall and early winter using a selective, postemergence, broadleaf herbicide.

As with all pesticides, read and follow the label.

In the flower garden:

June is when you start seeing your plants come into bloom. While noticing that, you may also see that your evergreens and shrubs could use some pruning.

The following plants are safe to prune in the month of June: Conifers & Narrowleaf Evergreens: hemlock, juniper, arborvitae, white pine, Leyland cypress, etc. (Summer pruning of conifers is to shape the plants to their desired size).

Perennials: phlox, Shasta daisy, purple coneflower, rudbeckia, etc.(remove old flowers to promote re-bloom), Chrysanthemum, Hydrangea, and Gardenia

For more information or questions on these topics, visit the N.C. Cooperative Extension, Caldwell County Center website or call us at 828.757.1290.